Red fort Delhi is the best face of the Mughal art. It was built in 1648 and famous as the “Lal Qilla”. It is situated in the capital of India, Delhi. It had been the residing palace of Mughal emperors up to 1857. It was built upon the order of the Mughal Empire Shah Jahan who is already known for his various buildings and constructions.
The architecture of the fort is purely Mughal which is a mixture of Persian and timurid way of building along with Hindu style. It has domes, strong and large wall which was full defensive during the wars, gardens and water channels. It has a unique system of water distribution which is called Nahr-a-bihisht giving the meaning of the “channel of Paradise”. Material used for its construction is fine red stone. The architect of the fort is the same who designed the famous Taj mahal Ustaad Ahmad Lahori.
Red fort Delhi came into existence when Shah jahan moved his capital from Agra to Delhi. After the falling down of Mughal Empire the palace went under destruction and ignorance till 1712 when it had been took over by Jahandar shah whose successor reconstructed the palace during which its silver ceiling got removed to reduce the expenses and copper has been used. In 1803 the British army conquered the Marathas and took over the palace.
The British administrative made the red fort as their residence. During 1857 war the Mughals were totally failed and Bahadur shah left the fort after which the British started the rule on the fort and country formally. During the residence of British forces in the fort it was ruined totally, all the expensive material which belonged to Mughals was threw off and gardens were destructed. Few years later it was rebuild by them.
Now the fort is one the landmarks of the country.