The Giza Necropolis the great pyramid was considered the seventh wonder of the world by Antipater of Sidon. However, it is by far the oldest of the ancient Wonders and the only one still in existence.It is located at the outer wing of Cairo, Egyptand It Is an archaeological site. It is located some 5 miles away from inland into the desert from the old town of Giza on the Nile, some 15 miles from southwest of Cairo City Centre. This complex of ancient monuments includes the three pyramid complexes known as the Great Pyramids, the massive sculpture known as the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers’ village and an industrial complex. The reason why it is highly visited is that the pyramid of Giza isthought to have been constructed to house the remains of the deceased Pharaohs who ruled over Ancient Egypt.
The most amazing thing about Giza is that it is surrounded by a complex made of large stone wall, outside which Mark Lehner and his team have discovered a town, which they used as houses for the workers on pyramid. This town is located to the southeast of the Khafre and Menkaure complexes. Among the discoveries at the workers’ village are communal sleeping quarters, bakeries, breweries and kitchens a hospital and a cemetery. The development of this urban complex must have been quite rapid. All of the construction probably happened in the 35 to 50 years that spanned the reigns of Khafre.
Around 450 BC, When Greek historian Herodotus visited Giza, he was told by Egyptian priests that “the Great Pyramid had taken 400,000 men 20 years to build, working in three-month shifts 100,000 men at a time.” Evidence from the tombs indicates that a workforce of 10,000 laborers working in three-month shifts took around 30 years to build a pyramid.