Mount Sinai literally “Moses’ Mountain” or “Mount Moses”also known as Mount Horeb, is a mountain in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt that is a possible location of the biblical Mount Sinai. The Quran, the Book of Exodus and other books of the Bibleexplain the latter. According to Jewish, Christian, and Islamic tradition, the biblical Mount Sinai was the place where Moses received the Mount Sinai’s rocks were formed in the late stage of the Arabian-Nubian Shield’s evolution. Mount Sinai displays a ring complex that consists of alkaline granites intruded into diverse rock types, including volcanism.
The volcanic rocks are alkaline to per alkaline and they are represented by sub aerial flows and eruptions and sub volcanic porphyry. Generally, the nature of the exposed rocks in Mount Sinai depicts that they originated from different depths.The biblical Mount Sinai is one of the significant sacred places in the Jewish and Christian and Islamic religions.
According to Bedouin tradition, it was the mountain where God gave laws to the Israelites. According to some scholars, the Song of Deborah suggests that God dwelt at Mount Seir, so many scholars favour a location in Nabatea.It is considered that there are two principal routes to the summit.
The longer and shallower route, Siket El Bashait, takes about 2.5 hours on foot, though camels can be used for easy access. The peak of the mountain has a mosque that is still used by Muslims. It also has a Greek traditional chapel, constructed in 1934 on the ruins of a 16th-century church that is prohibited to the public. The chapel encloses the rock which is considered to be the source for the biblical Tablets of Stone. At the summit also is “Moses’ cave”, where Moses was said to have waited to receive the Ten Commandments.