The Karnak Temple Complex – Decayed Temples, Pylons, Chapels and Buildings
The Karnak is the famous Temple in Egypt, second largest ancient religious site in the world and the second most visited temple in Egypt. The word Karnak is referred as compound; it is a sort of open- air museum. The ward of Mut is very ancient but not yet restored.
Hatshepsut was first to restore it partially when the original temple was destroyed, although another pharaoh built around it in order to drift the focus or orientation of the holy area.
Its construction was started in the Middle Kingdom and continued through to Ptolemaic times and approximately thirty pharaohs contributed to the buildings. It also contains evidence of adaptations, using buildings of the Ancient Egyptians by later cultures for their own religious purposes. This is the largest of the pedestrians of the temple complex, and is dedicated to Amun-Re, the chief deity of the Theban Triad.
Karnak was visited by Claude Sicard and his travel companions and described in his succession. One famous aspect of Karnak is the Hypostyle Hall in the ward of Amun-Re. The architraves on top of these columns weigh 70 tons.
The history of the Karnak complex is largely the history of Thebes and its altering role in the culture. The city of Thebes does not appear to have been of great significance before the Eleventh Dynasty and previous temple building here would have been relatively small, with shrines being dedicated to the early deities of Thebes, the Earth goddess Mut and Montu.
Early building was ruined by invaders. The earliest known artifact found in the area of the temple is a small, eight-sided temple from the Eleventh Dynasty, which mentions Amun-Re. Amun was long the local tutelary deity of Thebes. He was identified with the Ram and the Goose. The Egyptian meaning of Amun is, “hidden” or, the “hidden god”.