The Mount Rushmore national memorial is a mountain where the sculpture of six fathers of United States of America is carved in granite.
The place is also known as Lakota Sioux and is near the Keystone, South Dakota in United States. The sculpture was designed by Danish American Gutzon Bolgrum and his son Loncoln Bolgrum on the Mount Rushmore.
The heads are around 60 feet and four heads of US presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln are sculpted.
The entire memorial covers around 1,278 acres and is 5,700 feet above the sea level. The idea of carving people on the mountains first came by Doane Robinson who carved famous people in the Black hills to promote tourism.
Gutzon initially wanted to sculpt the needles. But the idea was rejected because of poor quality of needles site. The place, Mount Rushmore has been an iconic symbol of United States of America due to its appeal.
It attracts around two million people every year. The initial design of the presidents’ sculpture included construction from Head to waist but due to the budget constraint the construction was limited to head till neck.
The place has a humid climate and is considered a USDA plant hardiness zone. The area, even with its beauty and development has controversies. It was seized by the US forces from Lakota tribe after the Sioux war.
Due to its fame the monuments at Mount Rushmore have been depicted in pop culture – sometimes depicted as a location for secret treasures. In recognition of the monument, US government published commemorating stamps of 24 cents in 1974.