The bulky marble, Victoria Memorial was built during 906 and 1921 .the purpose of building it was to tribute Queen Victoria who ruled during 1819–1901 but now the monument and the museum is among famous tourist destinations. The Memorial is built near the bank of the Hooghly River, close to Jawaharlal Nehru road.
The viceroy of India, George Curzon and 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston wished a memorial of the queen on her death in the year 1901.the proposal was about the construction of a grand building by a museum and private grounds.
Curzon wanted to build a memorial that will remind all the visitors the history, the rich culture and the wonders happened in India in their rule.
The Prince of Wales, in a while King George V, laid the establishment stone on 4 January 1906 and it was formally open to the public in 1921.
Before the construction of the Victoria Memorial was completed, King Gaorge V announces the relocate of the capital of India from Calcutta to New Delhi. Therefore, the Victoria Memorial was built in what would be a provincial city quite than a capital.
The Victoria Memorial’s designer was William Emerson during 1843–1924, leader of the Royal foundation of British Architects.
The construction of the Victoria Memorial was delayed by Curzon’s leaving from India in 1905 with a succeeding loss of local interest for the scheme and by the need for testing of the foundations.
The Victoria Memorial’s establishment stone was put in 1906 and the structure opened in 1921. The work of construction was entrusted to Messrs. Martin & Co. of Calcutta. Efforts on the superstructure begin in 1910.
After 1947, when India gains independence, embellishments were made.
All the monuments by British have building that resembles to the constructions in Britain they left the witnesses of their rule in India in form of different buildings.